Petr Fiala

Petr Fiala (; born 1 September 1964) is a Czech politician and political scientist who has been the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic since November 2021 and leader of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS) since 2014. He previously served as the Minister of Education, Youth and Sports from 2012 to 2013. Prior to entering politics, he was the rector of Masaryk University.

Fiala was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a non-partisan in the 2013 snap election. He became leader of ODS in January 2014, promising to reform the party and regain public trust after a corruption scandal involving Prime Minister Petr Nečas. Fiala's ODS finished a distant second place in the 2017 legislative election, and continued in the opposition despite multiple offers from the incoming Prime Minister Andrej Babiš to participate in his governing coalition.

In 2020, Fiala led the initiative for a centre-right electoral alliance with KDU-ČSL and TOP 09, known as Spolu. He became its candidate for the premiership in the 2021 election, running on a pro-Western and pro-European centre-right platform, focused on fiscal responsibility and closer relations with NATO. The alliance outperformed initial opinion polls and finished first in the election, though with one less seat in the Chamber of Deputies than second-place ANO 2011.

Under Fiala's leadership, Spolu formed a coalition government with the Pirates and Mayors alliance, with a comfortable majority of 108 out of 200 seats. He was appointed Prime Minister by President Miloš Zeman on 28 November 2021 and his cabinet took power on 17 December 2021, making him the third oldest person to hold the office, as well as the first with a political science background and the first from Brno.

Fiala came into office promising to reform and stabilize the government's growing national debt; however, he was forced to respond to the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, providing Ukraine with humanitarian aid and military shipments and opening the Czech Republic's borders to highest number of Ukrainian refugees per capita. Fiala imposed sanctions against Russia and pushed to block Russian citizens from travelling to the European Union. His administration also contended with rising inflation, concerns about the economy, and the global energy supply crisis. In July 2022, the Czech Republic assumed the presidency of the Council of the European Union. Provided by Wikipedia
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by Fiala, Petr, 1943-
Published 1980
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